N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is a medication used to loosen thick mucus. NAC was initially licensed for use in 1968. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system, and it is available as a generic medication and is not very expensive. Inhaled NAC has been used as a mucus-dissolving therapy in respiratory conditions with excessive and/or thick mucus production.
The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of n-acetylcysteine (NAC) plus standard care with matched placebo plus standard of care in patients diagnosed with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) who have the TOLLIP rs3750920 TT genotype. The study will compare the time to a composite endpoint of relative decline in lung function [10% relative decline in forced vital capacity (FVC), first respiratory hospitalization, lung transplantation, or all-cause mortality]
The secondary objectives will be to examine the effect of NAC on the components of the primary composite endpoint, the rates of clinical events, change in physiology, change in health status, and change in respiratory symptoms.