Phase 3
Intervention Type
Oral Drug
Funder Type
Organization | University

Drug Details

Lopinavir/ritonavir is an antiretroviral medication.

Study Purpose

Although a number of therapeutics are being utilized by clinicians to treat patients with COVID-19, none have been systematically evaluated in clinical trials. Lopinavir/ritonavir, an antiretroviral medication, showed equivocal but possibly positive efficacy and safety in a RCT conducted in China and published in NEJM in March of 2020. Hydroxychloroquine, an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory medication, has shown potent antiviral activity in vitro and elimination of viral shedding in a small pilot clinical trial. Losartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB), has theoretical benefit as SARSCoV-2 appears to bind to lung tissue via Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 (ACE-2) receptors which might be inhibited by ARBs. This pragmatic adaptive trial compares outcome in COVID-19 patients treated with lopinavir/ritonavir, hydroxychloroquine, losartan, and placebo.

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